Located in the heart of Transylvania, Brasov is a typical Saxon city, that exudes a combined medieval and modern atmosphere. It was first founded in 1211 by the Teutonic Knights on an ancient Dacian site. Centuries after, it became one of the seven Saxons walled citadels from Transylvania. One thing that made this place grow and become very appealing for the Saxon merchants, was the location. It was straight at the crossroads of the trade routes of the Ottoman Empire and the western Europe. As it become a rich place, Kronstadt, which was the cities german name, needed a better protection, besides the Carpathian mountains that surround the city. Fortifications were built around the city with sever towers maintained by different craft guilds. This fortifications are well preserved and can be seen across the city.
Nowadays Brasov is a vibrant city full of tourists that stroll along the streets in any season. One of the major attractions is the Council Square (Piata Sfatului) . Located at the heart of old medieval Brasov and lined with beautiful red-roofed merchant houses, the Council Square, known to the Saxon population as the Marktplatz, is a nice place to rest and soak in the beautiful scenery. Here you will find also the Old Town Hall,built in the 13th century. On top of the building sits the Trumpeter’s Tower, used during the Middle Ages as a watchtower for warning the citadel inhabitants of approaching danger. Today, the old city hall houses the Brasov History Museum.Just steps away from the Council Square you will find the Black Church, Brasov’s famous landmark and Romania’s leading gothic church. The church encountered many invasions and attacks, being destroyed in 1242 by the mongols, than major damaged during the Turkish raids in 1421. The name of the church is given by a tragic event back in 1689, when the Great Fire covered the most of the city, blackening the walls of the church. Restoration took almost 100 years.
If you want to have a bigger picture on the city and admire it’s greatness Tampa mountain is the best place to do it. A cable car will take you there or if you are looking to burn some calories you can hike to the top starting from Tiberiu Brediceanu Alley.Walking to the top takes about an hour; follow the red triangles from the cable car station or the yellow triangles from Brediceanu Alley. Tampa Mountain hosted the original defensive fortress. It is said that when Vlad Tepes attacked Brasov in 1458-60, the citadel was destroyed and 40 merchants were impaled on top of the mountain.
Besides the historical locations that Brasov has, what makes this city a best choice, when visiting Romania, is that it can serve as base location to visit others fascinating places nearby.
Rasnov fortress is only 15km away, to reach Bran castle you will need to ride 30km, several fortified villages can be found nearby like Prejmer and Harman and other impressive locations like Fagaras Fortress, Peles Castle, Rupea and Viscri villages, Cantacuzino castle are just a couple of hours away.
More information about the city can be found on visit-brasov.ro